Several dictators have gone through the history of the development of societies in various parts of the world. They were all strong personalities and had controversial postures. Dictators are known for their irreversible and stubborn stance. Meet, among the signs, dictators who left historical tracks of their personality, often in a negative way.
The Aries dictator was Pope François Duvalier or Pope Doc. François was president of Haiti in 1957 and a strong dictator. Papa Doc was known for establishing a strong military attempt called tontons macoutes, which in Portuguese means bogeyman. Surprisingly, this Pope persecuted the Catholic Church in Port-au-Prince, the city where he was born in 1907. Besides, Fraçois reformulated the country’s constitution and declared his presidency for life.
The dictator of the sign of the bull is Adolf Hitler. Born in Austria on April 20, Hitler was a strong politician with a military character. His strong personality and determination led him to build an exemplary military career, which later made him one of the greatest military dictators in history. Hitler created a strong army that defended Berlin and declared himself the greatest enemy of the Jews by committing genocide to this group.
Dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi was born in April 1942 in Libya. Through a political coup, the military came to power in Libya in 1969 and created a Council called Libyan Revolutionary Command, of which he was a major figure. Gaddafi led many armed conflicts, won many, and lost others. In 2011 he had to flee with his troops after an invasion in Tripoli, the capital of Libya. In the same year, Muammar al-Gaddafi was killed.
Earlier in the history of Rome, Caius Julius Caesar was a military dictator and very tough politically. Julio César led many territorial conquests for the Roman Republic and fought in civil war for Rome. He made several changes to the functioning and rules of Rome and, in fact, left the environment stable, which culminated in a political crisis later.
In Italy, the great dictator was Benito Mussolini. Born in 1883 in July, Mussolini was a figure who performed many evils in his country. He was the leader of the Fascist National Party and was Prime Minister of Italy in 1922. He was a strong military man and Marshal, he led the Italian Social Republic and was a leader until 1945, the year he died.
Also before in the history of France, King Louis XIV was born in September 1638. He became known as Rei-Sol and was a leader known for the phrase uttered: “L’État c’est Moi” (“the State is me”). He was the country’s absolutist monarch from 1643 to 1715. Louis XIV created a model of noble life that spread throughout France’s history and even built one of France’s best-known palaces, the luxurious Palace of Versailles. Louis XIV died in 1715.
Born in October 1889 in the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian dictator Artur da Costa e Silva was a military man who ruled during the Brazilian military regime. His government was marked by the toughest phase of the military dictatorial regime in our country. The AI-5 - Institutional Act 5 - the hardest in the history of Brazil was promulgated by Costa e Silva. The dictator died in 1969 in Rio de Janeiro and was the second governor of the Brazilian military government.
A Chinese dictator named Chiang Kai-shek was born in October 1887. He took over the government from the Chinese conservative party and led a Chinese unification project. He was placed as leader of the Chinese Republic and declared himself totally against the Chinese communists.
Josef Stalin was the dictator in the Russian Empire and led the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Stalin was born in December 1879 and died in 1953. He was the leader in the government when Nazi Germany was defeated in World War II and defended the communist regime to improve the social conditions of the Soviets.
Dictator Kim Jong-un is a dictator in North Korea and is said to have been born in January 1983. Little is known about his life. Kim staunchly defends communism and was recently appointed vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Workers’ Party.
In Romania, Nicolae Ceau? Escu was born in 1918 January. This is a communist leader who served in Romania in 1965 and became a leader of the Communist Party in 1967. Nicolae became known as a popular ruler, however, imprisoned for crimes such as genocide.
Robert Mugabe is a leader in Zimbabwe. He was born in February 1924, was elected in 1984, and continued in government for illegal re-elections. Robert’s government is involved in several cases of corruption, for being authoritarian and inflexible. Robert is still in power today.