The Hindu Religion And Philosophy: Dharma, Karma and Samsara

dharma-karma-samsara


The wisdom of the past is something that fascinates humanity today. Among so many religions and philosophies of life, some terms are repeated, and that despite being interpreted differently, their essence remains the same. With that in mind, after all, what are Dharma, Karma, and Samsara?

The Hindu Dharma 

Dharma is a Sanskrit term used from Yoga to Hinduism, which means “what sustains.” Dharma is a universal law of nature: the truth that makes the world as it is. He is responsible for keeping the animate and inanimate beings in harmony, aiming at the spiritual development of each one. In general, everything starts from the premise that the Universe, in its abstract sense, is the ruler of everything. It is up to us to become aware of it - whether through meditation, love of neighbor, etc. - so that we can develop as beings human beings or, as Buddhism would say, achieve enlightenment.

The Hindu Karma 

Karma is another Sanskrit term that means “action” and is an essential dharmic law. It works similarly to Newton’s law of action and reaction, but on a spiritual scale. In other words, life is like a box, in which you keep both your good and bad attitudes, and it is the role of Karma to give you all of that back. This law manifests itself even with the passing of incarnations, and it is as if it were an infinite justice in which nothing that you do, in whatever life, is without return. If you do good deeds, you will be destined to reap happiness, prosperity, and the wealth of spirit. Otherwise, your bad attitudes will yield bad energies manifested in the form of illness, attachment, ignorance, and loneliness. To differentiate,

The Hindu Samsara 



Since Karma is a law that transcends time, that is, that goes beyond its current incarnation, Samsara brings the concept of worlds. In Sanskrit, “Samsa” means illusion and “Ra” movement, so we talk about Illusion in Motion. As its name suggests, Samsara is not a place or a world, but, abstractly, a set of them, it is the cycle of reincarnations that we live or simply the series of mutations that our existence experiences in which the only form of to get out of this prison or get out of this cycle, it is through enlightenment.

Putting the three concepts together, we can assume that Dharma is what moves the world, while Karma is one of its primary laws responsible for providing you with all the fruits that you cultivate during your life - whether good or bad - and Samsara represents the cycle of reincarnations that we go through. Therefore, the greater your awareness of Dharma and the more detached you are from your “ego” - in the sense of worrying about the welfare of something or someone other than yourself - the closer you will be to achieving enlightenment, and so, escape from Samsara.

Leave a Reply